Kado originated in the floral tributes of Buddhism when it was introduced to Japan. Arranging flowers was a sacret act ofoffering prayers to a deity. The custom of admiring flowers dated back to the Heian period, and its origins can be traced in literature such as “Makura no Soshi” (The Pillow Book by Sei Shonagon).
Kado is said to have been established by a Buddhist monk of Rokkakudo. The monk was given the name of “Ikenobo” (meaning “beside a pond”) because he lived beside a pond. He came to be the founder of Japanese Kado. From the middle to the late Edo period, Kado changed its role from being an accomplishment for people in upper class and samurai class, to that of commoners. Many people enjoyed arranging fresh flowers.
Fresh flower arrangements were introduced to Europe by people like Josiah Conder from the end of Edo period to the early Meiji period when there was a movement called Japonisme. Atechnique called vertical arrangement had a significant impact on the floral decoration in Europe. Various styles of arrangements including free form style and “moribana,” (meaning “piling up flowers”) were created in Japan with the transition of time. Various materials other than plants were adopted into flower arrangements as well.